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Beverage Crops at Bukit Timah Core

Many different plants are used to make drinks but coffee and cocoa rank among the world’s favourite beverages. Coffee contains the alkaloid caffeine, which is a stimulant and diuretic. Coffee is made from the seeds of several African species of the genus Coffea. Found in the Gardens are Coffea liberica (Liberian Coffee), Coffea robusta (Robusta Coffee) and Theobroma cacao(cocoa).

Please click here for Nut Trees.


Jacob Ballas Children’s Garden at Bukit Timah Core

jacob Ballas Children’s Garden is Asia’s first children’s garden. Dedicated to all children of Singapore, it is designed to provide unique discovery and learning experiences in a garden setting.

Through play and exploration, the Children’s Garden will cultivate an appreciation for plants, nature and the environment among the young. It meets the demands for nature education in an increasingly sophisticated tropical Garden City. Developed along the theme “All Life On Earth Depends on Plants”, it is created as a unique and interactive fun place where children up to 12 years of age can discover how plants provide their daily needs. It also gives children a first introduction to the life sciences – an important branch of science as Singapore embarks on life sciences research as a new thrust for economic growth.

Experiences in the Jacob Ballas Children’s Garden will stimulate a sense of wonder for the plant world and provide happy memories for our child visitors.

Refreshments are available at the Visitor Centre, Jacob Ballas Children’s Garden.

Fruit Trees at Bukit Timah Core

Many tropical trees are grown for their edible fruits. The fruit trees displayed in our collection include Mango (Mangifera indica), Nangka (Artocarpus heterophyllus), Chempedak (Artocarpus integer), Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), Butterfuit (Diospyros discolor), Jambu Mawar (Syzygium jambos), and various varieties of Banana (Musa sp.) Not all fruits are sweet. Some are eaten more like vegetables, for example the Drumstick Tree (Moringa oleifera) and Ackee (Blighia sapida), and others are used to add flavour to cooking such as the Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) and asam gelugor (Garcinia atroviridis).

Medicinal Plants at Bukit Timah Core

Plants are our major source of medicinal products, whether we consider scientifically developed healthcare or traditional systems. Singapore, with its ethnic diversity, has a wide range of folk remedies available including Chinese traditional medicine, Indian ayurvedic medicine and Malay jamu. Some of the many traditional medicinal plants are on display in this area.

Some of the many traditional medicinal plants on display in this area include Ye Lai Xiang or Night Fragrant Plant (Telosma cordata), Long Chuan Hua (Ixora chinensis), Javanese Elderberry (Sambucus javanica), Noni (Morinda citrifolia), Rough Elephant’s foot or Hairy Elephant’s foot or Ku Di Dan (Elephantopis scuber), and Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia).

Herbs & Spices at Bukit Timah Core

Herbs and spices are plant products used to add flavour or aroma to foods. Herbs are generally leaf material that is better used fresh than dried. Spices are mostly dried, non-leafy plant parts. This area of Singapore Botanic Gardens is devoted to growing various herbs and spices including ginger (Zingiber officinale), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), pepper (Piper nigrum), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and cinnamon (Cinamomum verum).

Bougainvilleas at Bukit Timah Core

In 1768 when French explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) began his long journey to the Pacific Ocean and discovered the vine that now bears his name, it was a botanical highlight of the voyage. Through the ensuing years, this Brazilian beauty has assumed its rightful place as one of the most popular, spectacular and beautiful tropical plants.

Bougainvillea, though being one of the commonest of garden plants in the tropics and subtropics, it can still attract attention with its spectacular displays of intense colourful, papery bracts that surround the flowers. We have more than 50 hybrids of Bougainvillea in our collection including Bougainvillea ‘Elizabeth Angus’, Bougainvillea ‘Easter Parade’, Bougainvillea glabra ‘Penang’, Bougainvillea glabra ‘Pride of Singapore’, Bougainvillea glabra ‘Singapore Pink’, Bougainvillea ‘Mrs Eva’, Bougainvillea spectabilis ‘Lord of Willindon’, and Bougainvillea spectabilis ‘Calcutta’.

Evolution Garden at Central Core

The Evolution Garden at the Singapore Botanic Gardens is a 1.5-hectare area dedicated to telling the amazing story of how plants gave us life, and how, long before we humans arrived, they started to evolve into the myriad complex life forms that we see today.

Take a journey through time, from the fiery planet that our world was in ancient times before memory, through the planet of dinosaurs, and into the modern world of 250,000 different flowering plants we enjoy today.